When You Start Teaching: The Lesson Plan

How do I plan and organize my lessons?

The lesson plan format below often is used for effective instruction in adult education classes, especially for ABE learners.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN . . .

Set the Objective - The instructor determines what learners will be able to do upon completion of this lesson.

NOW PLAN THE LESSON . . .

Lesson Stage Definition

1.Warm-up and/or Review

Instructor provides an activity to focus learner attention on the lesson objective and/or to review the skills/vocabulary previously taught that tie into the current lesson.

2.Introduce

Instructor establishes the purpose of the lesson by stating the objective and relating it to the learner’s previous learning, goals, or experiences.
"After this lesson, you will be able to . . ."

3.Present

Instructor presents new information and skills, using a variety of strategies, e.g., visual and auditory presentation, modeling with "think-alouds," demonstrations, etc. Instructor checks for comprehension.

4.Practice

Learners are provided opportunities to practice the new skills, both with peer support and independently.

5.Evaluate

Instructor provides an activity that assesses individual learners on attainment of the lesson objective.

6.Apply

Learners use the language/information/material/ in a new situation.

7.Reflection

Learners and instructor discuss the lesson to determine learner progress, effectiveness of instructional strategies, pace of instruction, and implications for future lessons.

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